Air waves against bullets – indigenous radios stations in Cauca

first_img Receive email alerts to go further RSF_en Colombia’s indigenous peoples will today hold another day of solidarity and collective action, called a Minga, continuing those held in 2004 and 2008. The watchword for today’s activities is “Defence of Mother Earth, 520 years of resistance.” Reporters Without Borders has chosen this day to release a report and video of the joint visit that its Colombian correspondent, Fabiola León Posada, and the Italian documentary filmmaker Simone Bruno made to the department of Cauca at the end of last month.Video: Reporters Without Borders previously visited representatives of community radio stations affiliated to the Cauca Indigenous Regional Council (CRIC) in 2010. The reason for this return visit was concern about these radio stations, especially as clashes between government forces and the guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) have gained in intensity again since early July. The community radio stations play a key role in maintaining social cohesion and the indigenous cultural heritage. They also help overcome the isolation of the different population groups that are caught in the crossfire of Colombia’s interminable civil ware and are stigmatized by both sides.Two of these community radio stations – Jambaló-based Voces de Nuestra Tierra and Toribío-based Nasa Estéreo – recently had to suspend operations. In the case of Voces de Nuestra Tierra, it was because its antenna was destroyed. The station’s presenters and reporters described the incident to us.Far from being collateral victims of the civil war, the indigenous population is often targeted. The threat has increased with the 28 July promise by two paramilitary groups, the Black Eagles and the Rastrojos, to carry out a major “social cleansing” in the north of the department. It was these mercenaries of terror who may have been responsible for community leader and radio presenter Rodolfo Maya Aricape’s murder in front of his family on 14 October 2010, a crime that is still unpunished. ColombiaAmericas Reports ColombiaAmericas News News Organisation Help by sharing this information center_img RSF begins research into mechanisms for protecting journalists in Latin America Follow the news on Colombia 2011-2020: A study of journalist murders in Latin America confirms the importance of strengthening protection policies RSF, IFEX-ALC and Media Defence, support FLIP and journalist Diana Díaz against state harassment in Colombia News April 27, 2021 Find out more Amid an increase in clashes in Cauca directly effecting indigenous community media, Reporters Without Borders continues to call for:- Assistance by the Colombia state and the international community – to which Reporters Without Borders intends to contribute, within the limits of its resources – for the reconstruction of community media hit by the fighting.- Protection for the media used by the indigenous communities and for all the other spaces where they meet.- A ceasefire and protection for the civilian population away from the fighting.Summary of the reportThe Reporters Without Borders report (which can be read in full in Spanish) describes the acts of intimidation, sabotage and bombings that have targeted the community radio milieu and examines the way that the indigenous community networks have consolidated as the armed conflict has gained in intensity.Formed in 1971, the CRIC bought together entities representing the Nasa, Misak, Yanacona, Totoró and Kokonuco peoples and various peasant groups. Cauca department is nowadays estimated to have an indigenous population of more than 250,000 distributed over a total of 77 communities called “resguardos.”The spread of community radio stations began with the Nasa project, launched in 1980 by Alvaro Ulcué, an indigenous priest who was murdered on 10 November 1984, probably by state agents. The project had four central elements – territorial autonomy, acting as a local government, consolidating identity and doing without the national government. The Nasa project spawned many local initiatives in its wake, especially in the areas of health, environment, spirituality and education (including communication).It was around that time that the guerrillas carried out a successful offensive in Toribío after a long presence in the area. Despite the 1985 Vitoncó resolution, calling for demilitarization of indigenous territories, the reaction to the guerrilla victory was a never-ending wave of violence that grew in intensity in the 2000s, when the paramilitary United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC) established their “Calima,” “Farallones” and “Libertad” offshoots in Cauca.Despite constant danger, forced stoppages, confiscation of equipment and financial difficulties, the community radio stations began over the years to play a strategic role in rallying the population in the resguardos.As their representatives explained to us during the visit, the radio stations relay and accompany projects concerning community life, cover the local mingas – including those organized by women and young people – and are an indispensible vehicle of collective expression during community assemblies. Cauca’s indigenous radio stations also continue to promote long-standing political demands, which is why they are priority military targets for the parties to the civil war.The armed clashes in July have put the call for regional autonomy back on the front burner, a call that was reiterated by these communities above all when members of the indigenous guard succeeded in removing the soldiers who had been guarding Cerro Berlín, near Toribío. A total of 22 people were injured in the clash, which took place on 17 July.The indigenous population is also concerned about the way the event was covered by Colombia’s mainstream media. The CRIC addressed an open letter to 17 national radio and TV stations and publications on 26 July describing their coverage as biased against the indigenous communities. The letter is still awaiting an answer, as is the offer of dialogue with the government. May 13, 2021 Find out more August 10, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Air waves against bullets – indigenous radios stations in Cauca October 21, 2020 Find out morelast_img read more

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Philippine Coast Guard welcomes two new fast patrol boats

first_img View post tag: FPB 72 View post tag: OCEA Share this article Photo: Photo: Philippine Coast Guard center_img The Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) has received two more Boracay-class fast patrol boats (FPB) newbuilds built in France.The FPB 72 MKII boats arrived at Subic Port on December 6, 2018, the coast guard said.The two units will be commissioned in the PCG service as BRP Malamawi (FPB 2403) and BRP Kalanggaman (FPB 2404).Featuring a length of 24 meters, the boats can accommodate 12 crew members and reach a speed of 28 knots.The first two boats, Boracay and Panglao, were commissioned into service in October this year.The patrol boats were built under the contract signed with French shipbuilder Ocea in order for PCG to strengthen the enforcement in maritime safety and security and marine environmental protection.Ocea is building another vessel for PCG, an 82-meter offshore patrol vessel. It is scheduled for delivery in August 2019. View post tag: Philippine Coast Guardlast_img read more

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Innovative clusters

first_imgA few visitors got a first glimpse of how Old Quincy House will look after the completion of the renewal process next year, thanks to a tour of a full-scale mockup of the soon-to-be-renovated accommodations. The model, constructed at One Western Ave. by Harvard Planning and Project Management (HPPM), showcases improvements and upgrades to rooms on a typical Old Quincy corridor.“The mockup is an example of a modernized, upgraded space that faithfully preserves the historic character of Old Quincy House,” said Dean Michael D. Smith of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS). “It allows us to test designs and configurations before we move into construction late this spring. Just as the test project is designed to inform a future House renewal effort, the model is designed to inform the test project, and it seems we have a combination of elements that really excites people.”“The general approach is to keep as much of the old building material as possible, if it’s still serviceable and if it will last,” said Mark Johnson (left), Harvard’s vice president for capital planning and project management. Johnson was joined by Steve Needham, HPPM’s senior director of project management, during the tour.The mockup — which consists of a bathroom, a common room, and two bedrooms — represents a cluster community, one of the project’s key components. Although half of the rooms in Old Quincy will continue to be suites of bedrooms and a common room, the rest will come in clusters, featuring a common room shared by 10 to 16 students, who live in single or double bedrooms. Students in the suites and clusters will share hall baths. A small number of the suites will be two-story duplexes with baths.  The primary hall bath configuration will consist of two toilets, two showers, and two sinks in stalls with a high level of privacy that will be shared by 8 to 10 students. Single unisex baths will also be provided for additional privacy and convenience.Harvard College Dean Evelynn M. Hammonds said that the new configuration will enable significant improvements in residential life.Two model bedrooms were also featured, both a single and a double (pictured). The renovation maximizes the number of singles available to residents.“The Old Quincy test project is the result of a long conversation with students and faculty about how to renew the House,” Hammonds said. “The cluster arrangement will allow us to eliminate walk-throughs, maximize the number of single rooms, and transform the lower level into common space, all of which will boost quality of life for the House’s undergraduate residents.”Enhanced tutor communities, an important element in Old Quincy’s renewal not included in the mockup, will provide additional cohesion to the clusters. Each tutor will have a similar number of students and live in an apartment that is physically central to his or her  community. Each will have a common room with a fireplace that is a visual center for his or her group.“Tutors reinforce the values and strengths of House life,” Hammonds said. “The test project will improve the clarity and boundaries of their communities, which are a critical component of the learning experience at the College.”Steve Needham, HPPM’s senior director of project management, and Merle Bicknell, assistant dean for FAS physical resources, began their tour in a cluster bathroom. The space included two showers, two sinks, and two toilets with stall doors that ran nearly from floor to ceiling to maximize privacy. The room also sported cubbies for residents’ toiletries.“The cubbies are actually a request of students who participated in the feedback committee we convened,” Bicknell explained. “They won’t be locked, but will give the students a chance to leave their things here. That way, they don’t have to carry wet or soapy items back to their rooms, or leave them lying around the common bathroom space.”The bathrooms include cubbies for toiletries, which was a request made by students.Next door was a model of a cluster common room with large, comfortable chairs and an ornamental fireplace. When the test project is complete, wireless Internet access will flow through the space, and flat-screen TVs will be mounted above mantelpieces, wired for easy connection with students’ Xboxes and PlayStations. Architect Steve Kieran said that these rooms will be the hubs of smaller communities throughout the House.“Each cluster is centered on a shared commons with a fireplace, wall-mounted television, and comfortable lounge furnishings,” Kieran said. “There will be artwork and other things that represent the cluster both here and in the halls.”Just down from the common space were two model bedrooms, a single and a double. Both included sturdy oak dressers, desks, and beds. The single was compact, but not cramped. With both beds on the floor, the double still felt roomy and, with the beds bunked, would be positively spacious. Best of all, Needham said, the rooms’ size and configurations would maximize the number of singles available to residents.“All the seniors and half the juniors will have the opportunity for a single, if they choose,” he said.Sustainability is prominent in the renewal plan, which aims for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold certification from the U.S. Green Building Council. The entire building envelope will be insulated, and the windows replaced to increase conservation and comfort. Mark Johnson, Harvard’s vice president for capital planning and project management, said that the Old Quincy Renewal will also emphasize recycling and reuse. Wood floors will be re-sanded and refinished, rather than replaced. Doors will be resized to fit new entrances. Even the rain that falls on Old Quincy will be captured and used to supply wastewater.“The general approach is to keep as much of the old building material as possible, if it’s still serviceable and if it will last,” said Johnson. “The most sustainable option is always to use existing materials. To the extent that we use new materials, they will be subject to rigorous sustainability review.”Needham said that the improvements to Old Quincy are also sustainable in a different way: They are designed to last. The bathroom finishes and other renovations should be good for 50 to 75 years and should serve generations of students well.“Over time, you’ll change things like the fixtures, faucets, etc.,” Needham said. “But I think that the materials we’ve chosen are very durable. They’re easy to maintain and should stand up to undergraduate use.”Quincy House Co-Masters Lee and Deborah Gehrke came away from the tour feeling excited about the impending renewal project. Although they were impressed with the updates and improvements, they were most pleased that the model still felt like home.“The renewed space had the unmistakable look and feel of Old Quincy,” said Lee Gehrke. “It was very reassuring, and increased our excitement about the project.  We’re looking forward to the ground-breaking ceremony in May!”last_img read more

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