Maggots: a sustainable animal feed

first_imgThe common housefly could be a bigfactor in easing the strain on natural marine resources, if the Drew brothers have their way. (Image: Shadowness)  MEDIA CONTACTS • Jason Drew  AgriProtein  + 27 21 422 1887 or +27 83 700 5255 RELATED ARTICLES • New bug leaps into history books • Malaria-proof mosquito a reality • Tanzania’s ‘butterfly effect’ • Pick n Pay greens seafood operationsEmily van RijswijckAn enterprising duo has developed a sustainable alternative to fishmeal and soya livestock feeds, in the process helping to ease the pressure on precious natural resources which are constantly under strain from the growing human population.Originally from the UK, brothers David and Jason Drew are now based in South Africa.For the last three years the two entrepreneurs have been researching the potential of protein-rich fly larvae or maggots as a natural replacement for soya and fishmeal, the two most commonly used sources of protein animal feed used by industrial farmers.Their Cape-based company AgriProtein produces maggot meal, a completely natural protein feed for animals. Maggot meal is obtained by harvesting fly larvae fed on organic waste just before the insects turn into pupae. To make one ton of the meal, about five tons of maggots are required.The larvae are dried and then processed into a fine rich brown powder, to be sold to farmers in 50-kilogramme bags.In terms of nutrient value the product matches that of fishmeal and is superior to soya.Research and developmentThe fly farm and production plant is based in Stellenbosch and for the moment is producing only for research and development purposes, confirms Jason Drew.The facility produces two tons of meal a week. Research is conducted with the help of the University of Stellenbosch‘s Animal Nutritional Department.“We plan to start up a full scale production plant in 2013, which will produce 28 tons per day of the dry product,” says Drew.The company intends to open plants in South Africa and Germany, the latter country because it is one of the world’s leading green nations.According to Drew, the demand for protein feed is almost limitless, and one of the biggest chicken producers in Germany is already showing keen interest.His only concern is whether AgriProtein will be able to keep up with the projected demand of over 2 000 tons per month.Should other countries show interest, the Drew brothers will consider rolling out the technology to them as well.So far, AgriProtein’s research has shown that larvae protein produces better weight gain and lower gizzard erosion scores than fishmeal. Gizzard erosion is a dietary deficiency disease affecting younger birds.Nutrient recyclingAt the heart of AgriProtein’s approach is a relatively new concept: nutrient recycling.Increases in global food demand and pressing environmental challenges have caused prices of both fishmeal and soya feeds to soar in recent years. Fishmeal, for example, has on average almost tripled in price since 2002, according to the IndexMundi data portal.Using organic waste to create a new source of protein – such as animal protein feed – is one way in which we can save the world’s declining fish resources, believes Drew.At the AgriProtein plant the flies are fed waste from abattoirs. This natural way of disposing of the waste also helps the suppliers to cut down on their costs. To ensure success of the venture, the company runs two programmes, for breeding and production.Under natural conditions one female fly can lay about 750 eggs a week and the larva increases in weight by over 400 times in just a few days.Maggots are harvested just before the pupal stage, or after about 72 hours. They are then dried, milled and packed. Because birds and fish eat larvae in the wild, the magmeal is easily digested.AgriProtein uses three types of flies: the common housefly (Musca domestica); the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) and the blow fly (Calliphoridae family), each of which prefers to break down a specific type of organic waste.The end product contains nine essential amino acids, according to the AgriProtein website.And that hint of fishmeal which is sometimes so detectable in battery-reared chickens will also be a thing of the past as maggot meal has a completely neutral taste and odour, Drew confirms.Amazing creaturesLike other insects the fly goes through three phases to reach adulthood: egg, larva, pupa and then adult.One of the most fascinating aspects of these creatures is the ammonia which is produced by fly larvae, a natural secretion used by the creatures to kill bacteria.In the AgriProtein plant the strong smell of ammonia is a by-product of the production process but one which the Drew brothers still plan to tap into as well.“We are looking at ways in which to harvest the ammoniated air to make a natural bleach,” says Drew.last_img read more

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Boondocks USA Travel Bug Motel (GC3PMCM) — Geocache of the Week

first_imgShare with your Friends:More Geocache Name:Boondocks USA Travel Bug Motel (GC3PMCM) by biss65Location:Iowa, United StatesN 42° 28.281 W 093° 33.847Difficulty/Terrain Rating:D1 / T1.5Why this is Geocache of the Week:Last week we featured a clever gadgety Travel Bug Motel cache. This Geocache of the Week is also a Travel Bug Motel, and while the cache itself is plain—spoiler alert, it’s an ammo can—you’ll probably be grinning wildly by the time you reach it. It’s a Travel Bug Motel in more ways than one.That’s right, folks. The cache is tucked inside a cherry red VW Bug which, depending on the season and the whims of the property owner, alternately has flowers, tall grasses, or various other living things sticking out from its roof. (Speaking of the property owner: permission was granted for the placement of the cache!)What geocachers have to say:“A day off of work in the area and this cache made the list. another great cache nearby. what a cool ideal, hope they don’t try to move it. Gets a favorite point from us. TFTC.” –2CraziesMSN“This was another must do cache on this trip. psychoVW loves cars, especially Volkswagens, and especially Beetles, and especially abandoned cars. This one had everything! She slugged me, as usual, when we drove past this on the way to another cache. When we arrived here, Paycho guessed where the cache was and made the find. Nice camo! We took some pics, and I dropped off the VW Beetle trackable I had picked up that I had been saving specifically for this cache.” –Darth Leviosa“On our way to geocoin fest and this one popped up on our favorites filter. Very interesting area. Looks like somewhere out of a Hunter S Thompson novel. Picked up a couple trackables to take with us and dropped one off. Favorite point for taking us to the Boondocks.” –DublinMN“GZ produced a big bug, but I did not squash it! thanks for the swag … TFTC!” –November GhostPhotos: SharePrint RelatedSea Shells – TB Stop & Go GCNWBC GEOCACHE OF THE WEEK – February 6, 2012February 6, 2012In “Community”The Director’s Travel Bug Hotel (GC3MFAD) — Geocache of the WeekOctober 15, 2015In “Geocache of the Week”It’s Bigger on the Inside! — Who?: Regeneration (GC5ZFGA) — Geocache of the WeekJanuary 7, 2016In “Community”center_img Continue to explore some of the coolest caches around the world. Check out all of the Geocaches of the Week on the Geocaching blog. If you would like to nominate a Geocache of the Week, fill out this form.last_img read more

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Azkals foil Tajiks Rally, keep top spot

first_imgEthel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games World’s 50 Best Restaurants launches new drinking and dining guide BaliPure, Pocari dispute title View comments MOST READ Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Heart Evangelista admits she’s pregnant… with chicken 1 dead in Cavite blast, fire But Tajikistan struck twice in quick succession with Parvizchon Umarbaev scoring from the spot in the 57th minute off a questionable foul called on Amani Aguinaldo, and Dilshod Vasiev finishing off a quick counter attack four minutes later after Junior Muñoz lost the ball at midfield.Fil-Japanese leftback Daisuke Sato restored the two-goal cushion for the Azkals with a long range strike with 10 minutes remaining only for Manuchekr Dzaliliov’s late strike off another defensive breakdown giving the Tajiks hope until the end.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutThe performance was a far cry from the horror show in Guangzhou where the Azkals absorbed a 1-8 defeat to China in a friendly Tuesday last week. Although the Azkals once again scrambled for most of the match and conceded some cheap goals against the Tajiks, they took their chances expertly with Patiño showing his quality.“It’s the perfect way to respond,” said midfielder Iain Ramsay, who played the full 90 minutes. WATCH: Firefighters rescue baby seal found in parking garage What ‘missteps’? LATEST STORIES A brace from Javier Patiño helped the Philippine Azkals weather a late Tajikistan uprising for a thrilling 4-3 victory Tuesday night that firmed up their grip of the top spot in Group F of the AFC Asian Cup Qualifiers at Republican Central Stadium in Dushbane.Captain Phil Younghusband gave the Philippines the lead with a sublime free kick in the 28th minute, before Patiño scored in the 41st and 48th minutes off two assists from Mike Ott as the Azkals looked on their way to a comfortable victory before 15,000 fans in the Tajik capital.ADVERTISEMENT Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Heart Evangelista admits she’s pregnant… with chickenlast_img read more

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