More Reasons to Appreciate Your Body

first_imgThere’s more going on under your skin than you possibly realize.Lung brush:  Working 24×7, microscopic cilia lining your bronchial passages sweep your lungs clean, allowing you to survive in an atmosphere filled with pollutants.  Science Daily summarized a paper in Science that described “A Periciliary Brush Promotes the Lung Health by Separating the Mucus Layer from Airway Epithelia” (Button et al., Science, 24 August 2012: Vol. 337 no. 6097 pp. 937-941, DOI: 10.1126/science.1223012).  Science Daily said,“The cilia are constantly beating, even while we sleep,” he says. “In a coordinated fashion, they push mucus containing foreign objects out of the lungs, and we either swallow it or spit it out. These cilia even beat for a few hours after we die. If they stopped, we’d be flooded with mucus that provides a fertile breeding ground for bacteria.”….The researchers used a combination of imaging techniques to observe a dense meshwork in the periciliary layer of human bronchial epithelial cell cultures. The brush-like layer consists of protective molecules that keep sticky mucus from reaching the cilia and epithelial cells, thus ensuring the normal flow of mucus….“This layer — this brush — seems to be very important for the healthy functioning of human airways,” according to Rubinstein. “It protects cells from sticky mucus, and it creates a second barrier of defense in case viruses or bacteria penetrate through the mucus. They would not penetrate through the brush layer because the brush is denser.”Respiratory diseases such as COPD are apparently caused by the collapse of this brush layer.  The new findings, which replace old notions that the mucus rested on a liquid layer, may help people suffering from a variety of lung problems.  The BBC News write-up added this comment:Prof Stephen Spiro, vice-chairman of the British Lung Foundation, said: “Mucus has a complex biological make-up and forms a vital part of the lungs’ defence mechanism against potentially harmful or irritating substances, which are inhaled as small particles.“Research such as this helps our understanding [of] how this system works, and of the complex mechanisms deep within our lungs which protect us from the atmosphere we breathe in.”The original paper did not mention evolution, except to say in passing, “Mucus clearance in the mammalian lung has evolved to trap and clear a wide variety of inhaled toxicants and infectious agents from airway surfaces,” passing the support for that claim to three other references.  Neither Science Daily nor the BBC saw fit to include evolution.Muscle builder:  Early reports about irisin, a newly-discovered hormone that mimics the effects of exercise by converting white fat into brown fat (see Live Science Jan. 2012) may not pan out, according to Nature this week (Timmons et al., “Is irisin a human exercise gene?”, Nature 488, 30 August 2012, pp. E9–E10, doi:10.1038/nature11364).  Timmons et al. found only modest benefit in humans, particularly highly-active elderly people.  No need to despair, though: Science Daily just reported a “hulk protein” that may allow humans to grow stronger without working out.  Researchers found that mice with the Grb10 gene disrupted grow more muscular.  Don’t turn in your gym membership just yet, though, the researchers warned:  “the classic prescription still applies: lift heavy things, eat and sleep right, and have your hormones checked.”  They hope, though, that further understanding of these genetic processes may help people suffering from muscle-wasting diseases.Protein attraction:  Your body’s proteins need to work together.  Cornell scientists have found how proteins can feel attractive forces as far as 20 nanometers, a considerable distance at their scale.  It involves fractal-like patterns in cell membranes that form near the “critical point of the liquid-liquid phase separation of the cell membrane, which is the subtle temperature and composition point at which the two phases separate.”  PhysOrg included this quote by Ben Machta, grad student and co-author of the study: “We were intrigued that it seems like biology does want to tune itself closely to this critical point.”Gift-wrapped neurons:  Many neural cells come wrapped in myelin, a membranous, lipid-rich sheath that composes the “white matter” of the central nervous system. What does it do?  “The myelin sheath around nerve fibres serves to speed up electrical nerve signals, Nature News explained.  “But it turns out that it also supplies neurons with fuel to support their high metabolic activity.”  In particular, “lactate provided by or through the myelin sheath is crucial for neuronal survival.”  A diagram in the article reveals the complex interactions of astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, ATP and blood vessels in this feeding process.  The finding “expands the roles of myelin sheaths,” the authors said.  This is not necessarily the only known function of myelin, which “supports neurons in other, less-well-understood ways.”  Source: Rinholm and Bergerson, “Neuroscience: The wrap that feeds neurons,” Nature 487, 26 July 2012, pp. 435–436, doi:10.1038/487435a.Work in your sleep:  Sleep learning is possible, reported Science Daily, because while you rest and dream, your brain is creating associations and memories of what you perceive through the senses, and these associations remain after you wake up.  Experiments at the Weizmann Institute of Science showed that sleeping participants given Pavlov-like associations of tones with odors retained the association when awake: when hearing the tone, they would breathe in deeply for memories of pleasant odors, but take short sniffs when the tone was associated with a foul odor – even when having no conscious memory of the association.  Researchers believe this finding suggests that “we could probably learn more complex information while we sleep,” but they expect limits.  Don’t place your homework under your pillow, for instance.  More detail provided in the coverage on Nature News August 26.Support for circumcision:  Parents worrying about the decision whether to circumcise their baby boy might elect to do so, now that medical doctors from the American Association of Pediatrics endorsed it August 27.  The AAP feels it can reduce sexually-transmitted diseases and improve boys’ health, such as reducing risk of penile cancer and urinary tract infections.  Some disagree strongly with tampering with nature on philosophical or religious grounds; some worry about complications for the baby.  Although still controversial, the AAP believes ” the medical benefits outweigh the risks of the procedure” and advises insurance companies to pay for it.  Source: Nature News, August 28; see also Live Science, which also reported August 20 that a drop in circumcisions would boost health care costs.Circumcision remains a parental choice; if undertaken, it should be for health reasons, not religious reasons.  For Christians, the apostle Paul declared that “circumcision is nothing and uncircumcision is nothing” in terms of ceremonial significance, “but keeping the commandments of God” is what counts (I Cor. 7:19).  In Romans he proved that circumcision is no longer a requirement for pleasing God, from whom salvation is by grace alone through faith.  In Galatians, he strongly condemned the Judaizers who insisted that Christians must be circumcised, declaring them to be hypocrites: “As many as desire to make a good showing in the flesh, these would compel you to be circumcised, only that they may not suffer persecution for the cross of Christ. For not even those who are circumcised keep the law, but they desire to have you circumcised that they may boast in your flesh.  But God forbid that I should boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world. For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but a new creation.” (Galatians 6:12-15).  Nevertheless, he did have Timothy circumcised to avoid offense as the young disciple entered a ministry to a mixed church of Jews and Gentiles (Acts 16:1-3).  Some people get really adamant about their positions for or against circumcision, but consider: God would not have required a seriously damaging procedure for his people the Jews in the Old Testament; they did, after all, do a pretty good job of being fruitful and multiplying.  If you agree with the AAP that the benefits outweigh the risks, or if you have some pragmatic reason, like wanting your boy to fit the cultural norm, have at it.  If you want your boy to remain all natural, you will not thereby displease God.We hope all the stories in this entry will remind us all how “fearfully and wonderfully made” we are (Psalm 139), from the level of the whole body all the way down to the individual proteins in our cells.  Browse through our “Human Body” category to read about many more wonders that make human life precious.  Be grateful again today to your Maker, and promote the sanctity of human life in your voting and behavior. 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A geocachers journey to mental health

first_imgAnn-Kathrin (biotonne88) is a German geocacher who fell in love with the game in 2013. For her, geocaching is not only a hobby but a pillar of mental health. When she was diagnosed with Borderline personality disorder (BPD) three years ago, the game became an essential tool for her to deal with the often intense mood swings typical for BPD. She is allowing us insight into her passion for geocaching, explains the struggles when living with this mental disease, and how geocaching has helped her to find inner peace again. SharePrint RelatedGeocacher Carries Olympic Torch… AgainJuly 18, 2012In “Geocaching.com Souvenirs”Featured Geocacher of the Month Award WinnersAugust 25, 2011In “Community”Finding friends at Belgium Mega-EventSeptember 17, 2019In “Community” I’m sitting on my desk and turn to the right where my friend is playing computer games. I’m bored. What should I do on this beautiful autumn day? Then I remember my friend Jessica telling me about this outdoor game. Something like a treasure hunt but modern. I text Jessi and ask her about it. Geocaching. Right, that’s what it’s called. So I go on Geocaching.com and sign up for an account. I read a little bit about it and think, well that doesn’t seem hard. As my curiosity is sparked, I download the app. The map is loading and I see the first green symbol appear. A Traditional Cache which is located right on the street next to mine. I tell my friend, that I’d like to take a look, what I might find and together we go looking. We only have to walk around the block. Only 30 meters and the arrow on the map shows us we’ve arrived. We investigate the guardrail which divides the road here and I discover a magnetically attached container. There we have it: a geocache!When I found my first cache this day six years ago, I was absolutely amazed that many people walk this street without knowing about the existence of this treasure–but that I was part of a small circle of the enlightened. Even though this thought was fascinating to me, I didn’t think that this outdoor game would grow to have so much more importance in my life.Three years ago I was diagnosed with Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and since have learned a lot about myself and my problems. It’s now clear to me why I never had a hobby before geocaching that I pursued for an extended amount of time. Because BPD is characterized by flightiness, not only within the mood of the affected but also their actions. It is difficult for anyone affected to make decisions and we are scared to make mistakes which can lead to negative emotions. Therefore it is something really special for me that I was able to develop such a strong passion for geocaching and since I became aware of this I also realized that it is my way out of this disease.How BPD presents itself often varies. But in most cases the problem is that the affected cannot regulate their emotions appropriately. If the tension becomes too strong and emotions overflow it leads to dysfunctional behavior patterns. Those help reduce the internal tension in the moment but can hurt people with BPD and often also their relationships. Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) teaches alternative methods and skills that regulate the tension in a more functional manner. Since I started geocaching, I have automatically employed the hobby as such a skill. That means, when I feel emotional tension and the pressure threatens to become too much, I get out and geocache. It distracts me and calms me.To conquer BPD long term, everyone suffering from it has to learn to be careful in everyday life. They have to pay attention about how high the tension is, what causes it and how they can confront it. When dealing with other humans mindfulness is very important. I realized it helps my fellow human beings if I explain my affliction and that in turn helps me to deal with some emotions in a more realistic manner. Even though this disease affects (directly or indirectly) many people, many have never heard about it.With my project “biotonne88 goes Europe” I want to call attention to this disease and also confront it myself. I am planning to travel around Europe for six months to knowingly surrender myself to my painful loneliness and inform with frequent videos about my disease and my experiences. Geocaching will lead me and give me strength on this trip.You can follow Ann-Kathrin’s European travels on Instagram or YouTube to experience her exciting geocaching adventures with her.Share with your Friends:Morelast_img read more

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IPL 4: Gambhir bags the highest price of Rs 11.04 cr

first_imgIndia opener Gautam Gambhir, who played a pivotal role in helping India secure a draw in the final Test in Cape Town against South Africa, has bagged the highest price so far in the ongoing Indian Premier League season IV auction in Bangalore.Gambhir, who played for the IPL Delhi team till last season, was bought by Bollywood star Shah Rukh Khan’s IPL team Kolkata for a whooping Rs 11.04 crores on Saturday – the first day of the two-day auction.Gambhir, who led Delhi Daredevils in the last edition, was surprisingly not bid for by his former team, even as others clamored for the left-hander. New franchises Pune, Kochi as well as Mumbai bid aggressively for him before Kolkata clinched the deal.But, the more surprising was that some big names that did come up for bidding were left unpicked by any teams.Sourav Ganguly, Brian Lara, Mark Boucher, Chris Gayle and South African Herschelle Gibbs were all left unpicked. However, all these players will again come under the hammer again on Sunday.Ten franchises are participating in the two-day bidding, including the Rajasthan IPL team and the Punjab IPL team, who were disqualified by the Indian Premier League following breach of ownership regulations but cleared following a Mumbai High Court decision.Over 350 players are up for grabs for the next three seasons, with the sequence of players coming up for auction decided by drawing of lots.The other major earners on the day were Yusuf Pathan, all-rounder Irfan Pathan, Yuvraj Singh, Rohit Sharma and Robin Uthappa and England’s Kevin Pietersen.advertisementYusuf Pathan, who earlier represented the Rajasthan Royals, was bought by Kolkata IPL team for Rs 9.66 crore. His brother Irfan was bought by IPL Delhi team for Rs 8.74 crore.Yuvraj Singh was taken away by Pune IPL team for Rs 8.28 crores. Rohit Sharma, who earlier represented IPL Hyderabad in the last season, was sold to Mumbai IPL team for Rs 9.2 crore.S. Sreesanth, who has been performing well in South Africa, was bought by IPL Kochi for Rs 4.14 crore. Mumbai Indian player till IPL season III, Zaheer Khan was bought by IPL Bangalore for Rs 4.14 crores.Rahul Dravid was taken by IPL Rajasthan Rs 3.2 crores. He earlier played for IPL Bangalore.Meanwhile, former Kolkata IPL player Brendon McCullum, who struck the first ton of the League in IPL season 1, was bought by Kochi for Rs 4.14 crores.IPL Hyderabad skipper in the last season, Adam Gilchrist was sold to Kings XI Punjab for Rs 4.14 crore. His teammate, VVS Laxman was bought by Kochi IPL team for Rs 1.84 crore.Andrew Symonds was bought by IPL Mumbai for Rs 3.91 crore. Now, he and Harbhajan Singh will be in the same team. It will be interesting to see how the two will get along considering that they were involved in a bitter spat of the racist nature when Australia had toured India in September 2008.IPL Kolkata it seems have completely revamped their team. Another good pick from them this season is Kevin Pietersen. They bought him for Rs 9.66 crore.Robin Uthappa, who represented Bangalore IPL team in the last season, was bought by Pune IPL team for Rs 9.66 crore.Twelve players, including India skipper Mahendra Singh Dhoni (IPL Chennai), Sachin Tendulkar (IPL Mumbai) and Shane Warne (IPL Rajasthan) were retained by their original franchises.Teams are allowed a maximum of Rs 40.8 crores to spend, which includes money for those players retained from previous seasons.The 2011 IPL season will be held from April 8-May 22.IPL season 4 table 1PlayerBought byPrice in RsFormer team 2Gautam GambhirIPL Kolkata11.04 crIPL Delhi 3Tillakaratne DilshanIPL Bangalore 2.99 crIPL Delhi 4Zaheer KhanIPL Bangalore 4.14 crIPL Mumbai 5Ross TaylorIPL Rajasthan 4.6 crIPL Bangalore 6Yusuf PathanIPL Kolkata 9.66 crIPL Rajasthan 7Kevin PietersenIPL Kolkata 3.00 crIPL Bangalore 8Mahela JayawardeneIPL Kochi 6.9 crIPL Punjab 9Yuvraj SinghIPL Pune 8.28 crIPL Punjab 10Camroon WhiteIPL Hyderabad 4.99 crIPL Bangalore 11AB de VilliersIPL Bangalore 5 crIPL Delhi 12Kumar SangakkaraIPL Hyderabad 3.22 crIPL Punjab 13Jacques KallisIPL Kolkata 5.06 crIPL Bangalore 14Andrew SymondsIPL Mumbai 3.91 crIPL Hyderabad15Rahul DravidIPL Rajasthan 3.2 crIPL Bangalore 16Rohit SharmaIPL Mumbai 9.2 crIPL Hyderabad 17Adam GilchristIPL Punjab 4.14 crIPL Hyderabad 18Graeme SmithIPL Pune 2.3 crIPL Rajasthan 19Robin UthappaIPL Pune 9.66 crIPL Bangalore 20John BothaIPL Rajasthan 4.37 crIPL Rajasthan 21VVS LaxmanIPL Kochi 1.84 crIPL Hyderabad 22Daniel VettoriIPL Bangalore 2.53 crIPL Delhi 23Brendon McCullumIPL Kochi 2.18 crIPL Kolkata 24S SreesanthIPL Kochi 1.14 crIPL Punjab 25Irfan PathanIPL Delhi 8.74 crIPL Punjab 26R.P. Singh IPL Kochi 2.3 cr IPL Hyderabad 27Michael Hussey IPL Chennai1.95 cr IPL Chennai 28Shaun MarshIPL Punjab 1.85. cr IPL Punjab  29J.P. DuminyIPL Hyderabad1.38 cr IPL Mumbai 30Shikhar Dhawan IPL Hyderabad1.38 cr IPL Mumbai  31Saurabh Tiwary IPL Bangalore 7.36 cr IPL Mumbai 32Parthiv PatelIPL Kochi1.3 crIPL Chennaiadvertisement 33 Dinesh KarthikIPL Punjab 4.1 cr IPL Delhi  34 Naman OjhaIPL Delhi1.24 cr IPL Rajasthan  35Wriddhiman Saha IPL Chennai45.3 lakhs IPL Kolkata  36 Brad HaddinIPL Kolkata1.49 cr IPL Kolkata  37 Tim PaineIPL Pune1.24 cr  – 38 Davy JacobsIPL Mumbai87.4 lakhs  – 39 James HopesIPL Delhi1.61 cr  IPL Punjab 40Ravindra JadejaIPL Kochi 4.37 cr  IPL Rajasthan 41Shakib Al HasanIPL Kolkata1.95 cr  – 42Stuart Broad IPL Punjab 1.84 cr  – 43 Abhishek NayarIPL Punjab 3.68 cr  IPL Mumbai 44 Angelo MathewsIPL Pune   4.37 cr   IPL Kolkata 45 Dwayne BravoIPL Chennai92 lakhs  IPL Mumbai 46 James FranklinIPL Mumbai46 lakhs  – 47 Steven SmithIPL Kochi92 lakhs IPL Bangalore 48 Ishant SharmaIPL Hyderabad 2.07 cr  IPL Kolkata 49 Praveen KumarIPL Punjab 3.68 cr  IPL Bangalore 50 Ashish NehraIPL Pune 3.91 cr IPL Mumbai 51 Brett LeeIPL Kolkata 1.85 cr IPL Punjab 52 Morne MorkelIPL Delhi 2.18 cr IPL Rajasthan 53 Dale SteynIPL Hyderabad 5.52 cr IPL Bangalore 54 Ryan HarrisIPL Punjab 1.49 cr  IPL Hyderabad 55 Doug BollingerIPl Chennai 3.22 cr  IPL Chennai 56Muttiah MuralitharanIPL Kochi 5.06 cr  IPL Chennai 57 Piyush ChawlaIPL Punjab 4.14 cr  IPL Punjab 58 R AshwinIPL Chennai 3.91 cr  IPL Chennai 59 Pragyan OjhaIPL Hyderabad 3.2 cr  IPL Hyderabad 60 Amit MishraIPL Hyderabad 1.38 cr  IPL Delhi 61Nathan McCullumIPL Pune 46 lakhs  – 62 Ramesh PowarIPL Kochi 82 lakhs  IPL Punjab 63 Brad HodgeIPL Kochi 1.95 cr  IPL Kolkata 64Callum FergusonIPL Pune 1.38 cr  – 65 Manoj TiwaryIPL Kolkata 2.18 cr IPL Kolkata  66Cheteshwar PujaraIPL Bangalore 3.22 cr IPL Kolkata 67 S. BadrinathIPL Chennai 3.68 cr IPL Chennai 68Paul CollingwoodIPL Rajasthan 1.15 cr IPL Delhilast_img read more

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