They also say that food managers and workers prefer to use gloves because glove use is easier to monitor than handwashing is. However, “It has often been found that glove use provides a false sense of security because food handlers misuse gloves or neglect washing their hands when gloves are worn,” the article concludes. Overall, testing showed coliform bacteria on 6.5% (24 of 359) of samples for which data were complete. The coliform rate for samples prepared with gloved hands was 9.6%, versus 4.4% for samples handled without gloves. Though the sample was too small to show a significant difference, each of the two rates fell outside the other’s 95% confidence interval, which suggests that a true difference is not unlikely, the report says. Gloves were used on 93% of 172 samples collected in Kansas, where gloves are required by state law, but on only 5% of 191 samples collected in Oklahoma, where they are not, the report says. “Overall, the results of this study suggest that use of gloves by food handlers does not reduce bacterial contamination of foods and might even increase the risk of microbial contamination,” says the report by Robert A. Lynch and colleagues at the University of Oklahoma Department of Occupational and Environmental Health in Oklahoma City. Testing of flour tortillas bought at about 140 fast-food restaurants in Tulsa, Okla., and Wichita, Kan., showed that those handled by gloved workers were more than twice as likely to have coliform bacteria on them as were those handled by gloveless workers, the report says. However, the number of samples was not large enough to make the difference statistically significant. A finding of coliform bacteria (a general term for intestinal microbes) indicates that pathogenic bacteria could be present. The authors write that the higher coliform bacteria rate associated with gloves suggests that food workers were not using gloves properly. “We observed several instances in which previously used gloves were reused, and we never observed glove wearers changing gloves in the midst of food preparation,” they state. “Given the levels of surface bacteria that have been reported in food service settings, it is not surprising that organisms were transferred to the food that were tested.” The researchers found low rates of contamination when they tested for particular bacterial species: 0.3% (1 of 371 samples) for Escherichia coli, 2.2% (8 of 371) for Staphylococcus aureus, and 0.5% (2 of 371) for Klebsiella species. The investigators did not actually count bacterial organisms, however. No potentially pathogenic microbes were found on the unopened tortilla samples. Lynch RA, Phillips ML, Elledge BL, et al. A preliminary evaluation of the effect of glove use by food handlers in fast food restaurants. J Food Prot 2005;68(1):187-90 [Abstract] The researchers collected 371 flour tortillas at restaurants from four fast-food chains in the two cities and tested them for bacteria. When ordering the food, the investigators observed whether or not the workers wore gloves, among other details. The researchers also collected 82 unopened packages of tortillas from the four chains and tested them to assess the background level of bacteria present before handling. Feb 7, 2005 (CIDRAP News) The use of gloves by fast-food restaurant workers might be expected to result in cleaner food, but that isn’t necessarily the case, according to a recent study published in the Journal of Food Protection.
In line with the aforementioned efforts of IATA, a member of the U.S. Senate for Trade, Science and Transportation, Mary Cantwell from Washington and Senator Rick scott from Florida, presented a bill proposing that U.S. Traffic Safety Administration (TSA) conducts temperature checks at existing airport control points in order to increase the safety of passenger air traffic in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. What is crucial is to standardize all protocols at the global level, in order to bridge the problem that each country has its own different rules and not to depend on the measures of individual countries. Because unbalanced and constant changes in measures lead to the impossibility of travel planning, and as we know air transport is crucial for the tourism sector. It would be testing at airports that would allow airlines to operate relatively normally. It is estimated that since the outbreak of the pandemic, profits of $ 400 billion have been lost so far, and the entire industry could make a record net loss of over $ 2020 billion in 80 (an optimistic scenario). You can see more information about the Council’s Aviation Recovery Task Force (CART) protocols HERE With rapid tests as well as non-contact temperature measurement technologies, things would improve significantly and gain the confidence of both passengers and the state to open borders. These are the challenges and preconditions that must be met, in order to re-actualize global tourist travel, despite the coronavirus. / / / THE QUESTION THAT EVERYONE IS ASKING: WHAT WILL THE NEXT TOURIST YEAR BE LIKE? HERE ARE SOME LOUD THINKINGS Airport temperature checks would be carried out using innovative, contactless technologies thermal cameras capable of automatically viewing a large number of passengers passing through existing TSA checkpoints. It is simple and non-invasive, and such systems have already been shown to be effective in identifying infected individuals and mitigating the spread of COVID-19 in other countries. International passenger air traffic fell by 92% compared to last year. To conclude. Thus, by using innovative, contactless thermal camera technology, it is possible to automatically view a large number of passengers, without contact and creating crowds. Photo: Negative Space The economic collapse that threatens the aviation industry, on which more than 66 million jobs worldwide depend, must not be left to fend for itself because there is a danger of a chain of airlines collapsing before the global pandemic ends, de Juniac said, adding that the resulting loss disruption of global connectivity makes investing in airport testing justified and a priority. Cover photo: Skitterphoto In addition to opening borders, public opinion research has also shown that testing will help restore passengers’ confidence in aviation, which is again crucial, ie the perception of safety. – The key to restoring freedom of cross-border mobility is to systematically test all passengers for COVID-19 before traveling. This will give governments around the world the confidence to open their borders, which would be a great substitute for current self-isolation or quarantine measures. Testing all passengers will give people back their freedom of movement by air, and millions would return to work in the aviation industry because of such a decision, said Alexandre de Juniac, Director General of IATA. Respondents in the survey identified the implementation of COVID-19 protection measures for all passengers as an effective measure in achieving safety. The availability of rapid testing on COVID-19 is what gives passengers the most safety. On the other hand, the big problem is that on test results on covid19 waited too long. However, intensive work is being done in this field as well, and several companies around the world have announced that they are working or have already developed rapid tests for coronavirus, thanks to which test results are obtained within 30 seconds. Thus, the International Air Transport Association (IATA) called for the development and implementation of fast, accurate, affordable and systematic testing on COVID-19 for all passengers before traveling as an alternative to quarantine. IATA is thus cooperating with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and with the health authorities in order to implement this solution as soon as possible in airports around the world, reports Croatian Aviation. Thus, 88% of respondents are ready to take the test as part of the travel process, while 88% of respondents are ready to take the test as part of the travel process. – IATA Quick testing i temperature measurement – as key challenges – As our economy reopens and Americans begin to travel more, we must do everything we can to make travel safe. ”said the senator Rick scott and added that consumer protection must also be ensured against unfair airline pricing tactics. “This law will make it possible to check the temperature, while at the same time ensuring the flexibility of airlines with customers who get sick after buying a flight. If passengers are not allowed to fly due to fever, airlines will need to work with the client to transfer or cancel the flight free of charge.”Scott points out. IATA’s opinion poll revealed support for testing for COVID-19 in the air travel process. Approximately 65% of passengers surveyed agreed that quarantine should not be required if a person is tested for COVID-19 and has a negative result. 84% of respondents agreed that testing should be mandatory for all passengers, Photo: JJ Jordan I recently wrote that globally the tourism sector at the time of the coronavirus pandemic, has two big challenges which must be resolved in order to attempt to return confidence global travelers, which are: rapid testing i temperature measurement at the entrance of both the state and the destination. Activation of air traffic is key to the recovery of tourism, and they are needed for that three key prerequisites: Standardization of security protocols in airports and airlines, fast testing, ie fast obtaining of test results, and contactless thermal camera technology capable of automatically screening a large number of passengers. – Safety is the highest priority of aviation. We are the safest form of transport because we work together with governments to implement global standards. With the costs associated with daily border closures and the emergence of a second wave of contagion, the aviation industry needs to bring all parties together and find a solution, and that is testing each passenger. It must be fast, accurate and simple. This will certainly allow the market to recover, adds de Juniac. For the right start and a new impetus for global tourism, it is crucial to start international air transport. It is on this topic that the global scene is intensively discussed and guidelines and protocols are proposed for the creation of security protocols, both when boarding planes and in airports in general.